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T. Hoefler, T. Schneider and A. Lumsdaine:

 Accurately Measuring Overhead, Communication Time and Progression of Blocking and Nonblocking Collective Operations at Massive Scale

(International Journal of Parallel, Emergent and Distributed Systems. Vol 25, Nr. 4, pages 241-258, Taylor & Francis Group, ISSN: 1744-5779, Jul. 2010)


Accurate, reproducible and comparable measurement of the overheads, communication times and progression behavior of blocking and nonblocking collective operations is a complicated task. Although Different measurement schemes for blocking collective operations are implemented in well-known benchmarks, many of these schemes introduce different systematic errors in their measurements. We characterize these errors and select a window-based approach as the most accurate method. However, this approach complicates measurements significantly and introduces clock synchronization as a new source of errors. We analyze approaches to avoid or correct those errors and develop a scalable synchronization scheme to conduct benchmarks on massively parallel systems. Our results are compared to the window-based scheme implemented in the SKaMPI benchmarks and show a reduction of the synchronization overhead by a factor of 16 on 128 processes. We also describe two different measurement schemes for the overhead and asynchronous progress of nonblocking collective communications. An implementation and results of both measurement schemes are presented.


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  author={T. Hoefler and T. Schneider and A. Lumsdaine},
  title={{Accurately Measuring Overhead, Communication Time and Progression of Blocking and Nonblocking Collective Operations at Massive Scale}},
  journal={International Journal of Parallel, Emergent and Distributed Systems},
  publisher={Taylor \& Francis Group},

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